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Award-winning country singer-songwriter Willie Nelson is joining the fight against mountaintop removal — a surface mining practice that involves clearing, blasting and processing mountaintops or ridge lines for coal.
This rendition of “America the Beautiful” from Nelson and the Natural Resources Defense Council begins like any other patriotic tribute to the American 南京人上南京夜网
Lawrence Torcello, a philosophy professor at the Rochester Institute of Technology, never imagined he would become the focus of a vicious barrage of hate mail when, last month, he published an article in a British online journal about the ethics of climate change misinformation.
But, sure enough, in recent weeks, Torcello has been subjected to death threats, racial slurs, anti-gay and anti-Semitic epithets. He’s been called a fascist, a Stalinist, a Nazi, and a communist. One of the many contemptible emails he received, for example, reads simply: “DIE you maggot.” An anonymous phone message ominously threatens that he’ll “be paid a visit.” In all, Torcello estimates that he has been subjected to more than 700 harassing calls, emails and tweets.
What did Torcello do to attract such a response?
He raised the ethical issue — in an academic venue, no less — of how society should contend with those who knowingly disseminate misinformation about climate science.
Before delving into the particulars, it’s important to note that Torcello’s case highlights an increasingly common form of harassment that is all too familiar to scientists and other researchers who have spoken out about climate change. Eminent climate scientists such as Michael Mann and Benjamin Santer have faced similar intimidation and even death threats. Mann was likened in print to a child molester; Santer was subjected to a dead rat on his doorstep, among many other similar incidents.
Torcello’s case is particularly interesting, though, because he appears to have fallen victim to precisely the type of disinformation campaign he decried as he saw his argument distorted beyond recognition by media outlets that thrive on half truths and politically charged controversy, whipping up the ire of an ugly and angry fringe in the process.
A Philosophical Argument
It should be clear to anyone who actually reads Torcello’s article that he is wrestling with the philosophical question of how society should hold to account those who willfully distort climate science and disseminate misinformation. Of course, it’s more than an academic question because it is a well-known fact that fossil fuel interests have long been underwriting a disinformation campaign specifically designed to block climate action and confuse the public about the issue.
Torcello argues from a moral and philosophical standpoint that those who purposefully engage in misinformation campaigns ought to be considered criminally negligent. As he explains, the core idea of criminal negligence as a legal and moral concept is that people can be held responsible when they fail to exercise reasonable care that takes into account the potential harm their actions may cause to others. And, as Torcello rightly contends, climate misinformation campaigns are already causing widespread harm.
While you might reasonably disagree with Torcello’s argument, of course, it’s hard to imagine his views leading to a barrage of hate mail until you see the way certain media outlets chose to distort his views.
The first blatant distortion江苏夜网
By Karissa Rosenfield
(Read the original story here)
In honor of Earth Day, we have complied a preview of the top ten most sustainable exemplars of U.S. architecture selected by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and its Committee on the Environment (COTE). Each project featured will be honored with a COTE Top Ten Award for “sustainable design excellence” at the 2014 National Convention in Chicago.
1. Arizona State University Student Health Services: Tempe, Arizona / Lake|Flato Architects + Orcutt|Winslow
The Arizona State University (ASU) Health Services Building is an adaptive reuse project that transformed the existing sterile and inefficient clinic into a clearly organized, efficient, and welcoming facility. The design imbues the new facility with a sense of health and wellness that leverages Tempe’s natural environment and contributes to a more cohesive pedestrian oriented campus. The building’s energy performance is 49% below ASHRAE 90.1-2007, exceeding the current target of the 2030 Challenge. The facility achieved LEED Platinum certification and is one of the best energy performers on campus as evidenced by ASU’s Campus Metabolism interactive web-tool tracking real-time resource use.
2. Bud Clark Commons: Portland, Oregon / Holst Architecture
As a centerpiece of Portland’s 10- Year Plan to End Homelessness, this LEED Platinum project provides a continuum of services to help transition homeless individuals toward stable, permanent living arrangements. The architecture helps achieve this goal with a walk-in day center with public courtyard and access to support services; a 90-bed temporary shelter; and a separate and secure entrance to 130 efficient, furnished studio apartments for homeless individuals seeking permanent housing. The building’s design aims to de-institutionalize services and housing for the most vulnerable in our population. Sustainable features include large-scale graywater recycling, zero stormwater runoff, solar hot water, and a high-performance envelope, resulting in energy savings estimated at $60,000 annually.
3. Bushwick Inlet Park: Brooklyn, New York / Kiss + Cathcart, Architects
This project is the first phase of the transformation of the Greenpoint–Williamsburg waterfront from a decaying industrial strip to a multifaceted public park. The design team integrated a program of playfields, public meeting rooms, classrooms, and park maintenance facilities, into a city-block sized site. The park building becomes a green hill on the west side, making 100% of the site usable to the public, and offering views to Manhattan. Below the green roof is a complex of building systems – ground source heat pump wells, rainwater harvest and storage, and drip irrigation. A solar trellis produces half the total energy used in the building.
4. Edith Green-Wendell Wyatt (EGWW) Federal Building Modernization: Portland, Oregon / SERA Archi南京夜生活
People say it takes a village to raise a child. I say it takes a village to raise a mom. Who does the bulk of that work? Grandmothers. Grandmothers guide us along life’s exhilarating and exhausting journeys. They are among the first to set a child’s moral compass. And they can be counted on, by all of us, for infinite resets, too.
After all the terrible news from the world’s most prestigious climate scientists about the impacts of carbon and methane pollution on our atmosphere, it is nice to have a reset of our moods — from a grandmother.
There’s excellent news in the air: First, an important win in the courts, upholding the important Mercury and Air Toxics Standards that will do so much to protect the developing brains, hearts and lungs of our babies and children. Then, stunning news from the Supreme Court, upholding EPA’s right to regulate the pollution coming from coal plants in the Midwest and Appalachia, creating blankets of smog that waft out of states like Ohio and Kentucky — triggering waves of asthma attacks — into states like Maine and Tennessee.
The Supreme Court decisio南京桑拿论坛
Stepping up its efforts to fight climate change, the White House is now trying to court TV Meteorologists to help communicate the link between America’s recent string of extreme weather, and the science behind global warming. Barack Obama warned NBC’s Today show forecaster, Al Roker on Tuesday:
We want to emphasize that this is not some distant problem of the future. This is a problem that is affecting Americans right now. Whether it means increased flooding, greater vulnerability to drought, more severe wildfires — all these things are having an impact on Americans as we speak.
The news came as the U.S. president prepares to push through his signature climate rescue plan, cutting carbon emissions from existing power plants: they are responsible for most of the country’s noxious greenhouse gases.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) will unveil the president’s more stringent set of rules next month.
Obama’s success very much depends on how much support he can garner from the American public who elected him into power, twice. According to a recent Gallop poll, although most people in the U.S. believe that climate change is real, they do not regard it as a pressing issue.
The president’s latest move came as the White House launched its most recent climate report this week. The most definitive account on what climate change means for America in years, the 1,300-page study by over 300 scientists concludes that global warming is no longer some distant threat: it’s a real and present danger. Said John Holdren, the administration’s science advisor:
I think this National Climate Assessment is the loudest and clearest alarm bell to date signaling the need to take urgent action to combat the threats to Americans from climate change.
According to White House official John Podesta, no region, nor economic sector will escape unscathed.
Defending the findings, Obama will square off with Republicans, and the huge oil and gas lobby who continue to deny the science behind climate change. “We’ve got a challenging context on Capitol Hill. Hopefully this information will begin to change some minds up there and climate deniers will recede,” said Podesta.
But, according to recent documents seen by the Guardian, the White House may have quite a fight on its hands.
The American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC), a group of state legislators funded by Big Oil and Coal, have allegedly embarked on a new campaign to block the EPA’s upcoming efforts. In a bid to torpedo the new rules before they even see the light of day, ALEC has already launched several lawsuits across the country.
Fighting back, the Obama administration is now asking TV weather forecasters to join them in their fight against the deniers and help spread the truth about climate change.
According to a Pew research report, over 60 percent of the public trust TV weather anchors over climate scientists.
Many TV meteorologists remain climate change sceptics, in part because they are skilled at forecasting weather over short time periods, which can make them doubt long-range projections from climate science computer models.
The news comes a few days after Ban Ki Moon, the head of the United Nations, urged world leaders to fire up their efforts against climate change.
His clarion call for action came two months after the UN released its most sobering account on the state of our climate yet: “Things are worse than we had predicted. We are going to see more i致力打造南京夜生活第一人气论坛
A lot of tiny kittens pass through one Maryland home. Eventually, they all end up with their arms around Conall the dog.
“Lucas and I have fostered eight kittens so far. Seven bottle babies and another current special needs cat,” says Karen Bean, who volunteers as the foster cat coordinator for the Washington Humane Society. “Yes, Con has gotten hugs from each and every one!”
Lucas is Bean’s husband, and Tommy the kitten is the couple’s latest feline visitor. The latter was found a couple of weeks ago, abandoned in the nation’s capital. He was very small, and not yet able to eat solid food, which turned the Bean household — already home to what can be described as a tangle of cats — into a pretty easy mark.
“When I saw this little guy all by his lonesome I just had to bring him home,” says Bean, who 南京最好的生活
United States flags are displayed on flood-damaged homes in the Breezy Point section of Queens, N.Y., Wednesday, Nov. 28, 2012. (AP Photo/Mark Lennihan)
When Hurricane Sandy struck the Northeast, it was not the storm’s winds but the massive pile of water those winds pushed in front of the storm that wreaked the most havoc, inundating coastal areas in 3 to 9 feet of water, causing billions in damages, and leaving dozens dead. In general, this storm surge poses a far greater threat to lives and property than winds when hurricanes and tropical storms hit.
It’s with this in mind that the National Hurricane Center (NHC) has developed an experimental system that maps the projected storm surge in areas under threat from tropical cyclones — just in time for this hurricane season, which began on Sunday, June 1.
Sandy was no different than most other tropical cyclones, the generic term for hurricanes and typhoons, with the major proportion of its damage caused by storm surge. In the 50-year period from 1963 to 2012, storm surge accounted for nearly half of all tropical cyclone deaths in the U.S., according to a recent study in the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. That’s far more than the 8 percent the study attributed to the high winds many assume to be the biggest danger in a hurricane. Yet wind speed continues to be the main measure of a cyclone’s strength, determining when a tropical storm becomes a hurricane and what “category” ranking a hurricane receives.
It’s this unappreciated threat from storm surge that prompted the NHC to begin issuing experimental storm surge flooding maps for all tropical cyclones that threaten U.S. coasts starting with the 2014 hurricane season. The maps will show how high a particular storm’s surge is expected to get in different areas and how far inland it could go.
“This is a really desperately needed update,” said Jamie Rhome, a storm surge specialist with the NHC who is heading the mapping effort.
Adding to the need for such a warning mechanism is the fact that the population along coastal areas has been rising, putting more people in harm’s way. And rising sea levels — the result of the ocean warming and ice melting due in part to warming global temperatures — are increasing the storm surge threat. Some research has also suggested that Atlantic basin stor南京夜生活